Sterility is not a disability of an individual; it is always a problem of the couple. Approximately 35% sterility disorders occur in men, 35% in women and 30% of cases are a combination of problems in both individuals.
With regard to postponing motherhood to a later age, the range of infertility causes varies. The ratio of male infertility is growing. As for women, fallopian tube obstruction should not to be blamed as often as before thanks to better treatment of gynaecological inflammation. At the forefront of infertility causes there is the ovarian factor, i.e. the quality of oocytes which decreases with age and has a very individual character. Therefore, we recommend not postponing motherhood until a later age, and we appeal not only to responsible women, but also to their partners.
It is important to realize that the female’s ability to conceive ends many years before the last menstrual bleeding in her life (menopause). This often applies even to women with a regular menstrual cycle and ovulation. It is rather individual matter with a span from 2-15 years. For instance, if a woman has her last period at the age of 50, her ability to conceive ends at the age of 38 - 45, rarely earlier or later.
The female’s inability to conceive after the age of 40 is not seen as a disease, but a physiological process of reproductive aging. Yet, we try to help even these women and adjust the treatment so that they can become happy mothers.
Currently, Czech legislation allows women to get treatment for infertility up to 49 years of age.